Home » For Parents » What is Key Stage 2? – an in-depth Look

What is Key Stage 2? – an in-depth Look

The UK’s education system is structured to nurture knowledge, skills, and personal development from an early age. Among the key stages, Key Stage 2 (KS2) stands out as a cornerstone, setting children on a path of educational enrichment and preparing them for future academic pursuits.

What is Key Stage 2?

Key Stage 2 encompasses the formative years of children aged 7 to 11, spanning class years 3 through 6. This stage is crucial, bridging the gap between the foundational learning in Key Stage 1 and the more demanding curriculum of secondary education. KS2 introduces a more structured and subject-specific approach, underlining its significance in the UK’s primary education framework.

KS2 Curriculum

The National Curriculum for KS2 is broad, designed to instill a rich and diverse education. Subjects taught include:

  • English: Enhancing literacy through reading and writing, KS2 English builds critical language skills and fosters a love for reading.
  • Mathematics: With an emphasis on problem-solving, KS2 Maths introduces children to complex mathematical concepts.
  • Science: Encouraging scientific inquiry, this subject covers the basics of biology, physics, and chemistry.
  • Humanities: History and Geography broaden students’ understanding of the world and its history.
  • Computing: Essential for today’s digital world, computing lessons equip children with basic digital literacy.
  • Languages: Starting a new language opens doors to global communication and cultural understanding.
  • Creative and Physical Education: Art, Design, Technology, and PE contribute to a well-rounded education, promoting creativity and physical well-being.

List of KS2 Languages

Religious Education(RE) offers insights into various faiths, though parents have the option for their children to opt out.

SATs in Key Stage 2

The culmination of KS2 learning is assessed through SATs, which are pivotal in evaluating students’ grasp of English and Mathematics.

SATs in KS2
SATs in KS2

Strategies for SATs Preparation

Effective preparation can significantly impact SATs outcomes. Here’s how parents and teachers can assist:

  • Practice Materials – Utilise resources like Twinkl’s SATs Survival Guide for comprehensive practice tests and study strategies.
  • Understanding the Format – Familiarise students with the test format to reduce anxiety and improve performance.
  • Encouragement and Support – Positive reinforcement and addressing areas of difficulty can boost confidence and competence.
  • Extra Guidance – If you feel like your child is falling behind, or has lost motivation or confidence, you might want to consider tutoring, a professional KS2 tutor can help with any area of difficulty.


Key Stage 2 is a pivotal period in a child’s educational journey, laying the groundwork for both academic and personal development. It’s a time of exploration, growth, and preparation, essential for the challenges and opportunities of secondary education. The collective effort of parents, teachers, and educational resources plays a vital role in maximising the learning potential during this stage.

Check our blog about KS3: What is Key Stage 3? – an in-depth Look


We are educating children from 11 different countries

Fill out this form to get matched with a tutor & book a free trial

Get matched with a tutor & book a free trial

free trial