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GCSE Maths Topics 2024 – GCSE Maths Revision

Tornike Asatiani - Co-founder & COO of Edumentors

GCSE Maths is one of the mandatory subjects in UK curriculum. Catering to students in Year 10 and Year 11, GCSE Maths exams are structured into two tiers: Foundation and Higher. The Foundation tier covers basic concepts, aimed at grades 1-5, while the Higher tier challenges students with more complex topics, targeting grades 4-9.

In GCSE Maths, students are assessed through a series of papers, each designed to test different areas of mathematical proficiency. Typically, there are three papers – one focusing on non-calculator skills and the other two allowing the use of calculators. The nature of questions varies, ranging from multiple-choice to more complex problem-solving tasks.

GCSE maths topics in 2024:

Here’s a table summarising the key differences between foundation and higher tier:

TopicFoundation TierHigher Tier
NumbersPercentages, decimals, fractions, basic operationsSurds, indices, logarithms, complex numbers
AlgebraLinear equations, inequalities, simple polynomialsQuadratics, solving equations with multiple unknowns, calculus
GeometryArea, perimeter, volume, Pythagoras’ theoremTrigonometry, vectors, coordinate geometry
StatisticsMean, median, mode, rangeProbability, hypothesis testing, correlation


The ‘Number’ topic in GCSE Maths is essential, forming the base for all other mathematical concepts. This topic is typically seen as accessible, though some aspects can present challenges.

Key Concepts

  • Basic arithmetic operations: addition, subtraction, multiplication, division.
  • Understanding and working with fractions, decimals, and percentages.
  • Grasping the concept of powers and roots.

To achieve the highest grade in this area, students need to be more than just proficient in these basic operations. They must also comprehend their practical applications, be adept at solving complex problems, maintain accuracy in calculations, and apply these number concepts in varied contexts. A deep and thorough understanding, which goes beyond mere computation, is key to excelling in this topic.

GCSE Maths - Numbers


Algebra is a vital component of GCSE Maths, introducing students to abstract thinking and problem-solving with unknown variables. It is considered moderately challenging, as it requires a shift from concrete numbers to abstract symbols and expressions.

Key Concepts

  • Understanding and manipulating algebraic expressions.
  • Solving linear and quadratic equations.
  • Working with inequalities, sequences, and algebraic fractions.

For top grades, students must demonstrate a strong grasp of these concepts, an ability to approach problems logically, and apply algebraic methods in various contexts. Mastery in algebra involves not just solving equations but also understanding their real-world applications, constructing arguments, and justifying solutions. A deep conceptual understanding and a strategic approach to problem-solving are crucial for excelling in this area.

Ratio and Proportion

Ratio and Proportion in GCSE Maths involve comparing quantities and understanding their relationship, a crucial skill in both academic and real-life contexts. This topic is generally perceived as moderately challenging due to the abstract nature of ratios and proportional reasoning.

Key Concepts

  • Understanding and calculating ratios.
  • Solving problems involving direct and inverse proportion.
  • Applying these concepts to real-world scenarios, like scale drawings and recipe adjustments.

To excel in exams, students need to be adept at identifying and solving ratio and proportion problems, demonstrate clear and logical reasoning, and apply these concepts in various practical situations. Mastery in this area is not just about computational skills, but also about understanding and interpreting the relationships between different quantities.

Geometry and Measure

GCSE Maths Paper - Geometry

Geometry and Measure in GCSE Maths cover a wide range of topics related to shapes, sizes, and the properties of space. This area can be challenging due to its visual and spatial nature, requiring a good understanding of both theoretical and practical aspects.

Key Concepts

  • Understanding properties of different shapes.
  • Calculating area, volume, and surface area.
  • Skills in accurate measurement and conversion between units.

Achieving high marks in this topic requires a solid grasp of these concepts, precision in calculations, and the ability to apply geometrical and measurement principles in various contexts. It’s not just about memorising formulas; it’s about understanding how and why they work in real-world situations.


GCSE Maths Paper - Probability

Probability in GCSE Maths involves understanding and calculating the likelihood of various events. This topic is often seen as tricky because it requires both logical thinking and an understanding of chance and risk.

Key Concepts

  • Basic probability principles and terminology.
  • Calculating probabilities in different contexts.
  • Understanding and applying concepts of conditional probability and probability trees.

To score top marks, students need to demonstrate clear reasoning, accurate calculation skills, and the ability to apply probability concepts to solve real-world problems. A deep understanding of the underlying principles of probability is essential for excelling in this area.

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Statistics in GCSE Maths is about collecting, analysing, interpreting, and presenting data. It’s a moderately challenging area that combines mathematical skills with real-world relevance.

Key Concepts

  • Data collection and sampling methods.
  • Representing data through graphs and charts.
  • Understanding and calculating measures of central tendency and spread.

Excellence in statistics requires not only the ability to calculate and analyse data but also to interpret and present findings in a meaningful way. A high level of analytical thinking and precision is needed to excel in this topic.


In conclusion, mastering GCSE Maths requires dedication, practice, and a deep understanding of various topics like Number, Algebra, Ratio and Proportion, Geometry and Measure, Probability, and Statistics. Each area has its unique challenges and learning requirements, but with the right approach and tools, excelling in GCSE Maths is certainly achievable. For those seeking additional support, online tutoring can be an invaluable resource. Edumentors, for instance, offers tailored online GCSE Maths tutoring, providing personalised guidance to help students understand complex concepts, improve their problem-solving skills, and achieve their academic goals.

FAQ About GCSE Maths Topics

GCSE Maths Topics – Foundation Tier VS. Higher Tier


  • Foundation tier: Focuses on essential maths skills needed for everyday life and work, such as numeracy, percentages, and basic algebra.
  • Higher tier: Covers a wider range of topics, including more advanced algebra, geometry, trigonometry, and statistics.

Depth of coverage:

  • Foundation tier: Questions are generally more straightforward and involve applying formulas and procedures.
  • Higher tier: Questions are more challenging and require deeper understanding of concepts, problem-solving skills, and the ability to apply maths in different contexts.

Should You Revise for GCSE Maths in Year 10?

Year 10 GCSE maths students should focus on grasping fundamental concepts, whereas Year 11 students need to fine-tune their knowledge and exam strategies to excel.


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